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AltHist Europe Map 1937 Part 1 by DaemonofDecay AltHist Europe Map 1937 Part 1 by DaemonofDecay
Part one of three maps detailing my Alternate History scenario for Europe. This is the political map, showing the borders in 1937/38.

In 1933 Mussolini lead his Italian Social Republic into a war with the Kingdom of Two Sicilies in , claiming it was time to unify the peninsula under the fascist banner. The war lasted less than a week, as most of the Kingdoms military leaders were supportive of Mussolini’s stated goals and refused to leave their barracks to fight their fellow Italians. Albania, which had been closely allied with Two Sicilies and had joined the fight against the Italian Social Republic, was also brought into the Italian sphere when Mussolini landed soldiers in Albania and seized the capital Tirana in days.

Upon his annexation of southern Italy, Mussolini renamed the Italian Social Republic the Republic of Italy, hoping to stir Italian nationalism in his northern neighbors. Both this and the annexation of Albania upset the other nations in the region, especially Venice and Sardinia-Piedmont, who both feared that Italy would forcibly annex them next. There was a large amount of support for a Italy to absorb both nations from many, but the rulers of the two states feared the Fascists. For having annexed Albania without cause, the League of Nations (LoN) took Italy’s membership away.

Sir Oswald Mosley became PM of the UK in 1935 and, inspired by Mussolini‘s exploits, announced the creation of a fascist British state. His endeavors were blessed by King Edward VIII, who was quite taken by the fascist ideology. Parliament became a tool of the British Union of Facists, who cracked down on personal liberties but were widely praised by the working class as they begin to create jobs and flex England’s military muscle again. The Royal Navy was soon constructing its first new capital ships in years.

In Spain, the Civil War of 1936 was a brutal affair, but the Republican forces (a mix of liberals ranging from pro-republican democrats to communists and anarcho-syndicalists) were able to deal with Franco’s nationalists within a year due to an outpouring of foreign support for their cause. Spain had become a refuge for socialists and leftists from across Europe who were trying to escape prosecution in their mother countries: thousands of Italian, German, French, and British citizens were ready to support the Republic in their war against the right-wing nationalists. Franco pleaded with Britain and Italy to help support his war, but their support was lukewarm as they were both already involved with the situation in France and had their own problems at home. In the end, the victorious government of Republican Spain did not fall to the communists as many had feared, but it did emerge a leftist socialist state. Many of the more dedicated communists would later fight in the Greek civil war, which would create a Communist state.

The Anarchist Catalonia, which had broken free from Spain in the beginning of the Civil War, was able to secure its own independence at the height of the conflict when the hard pressed Republicans agreed to respect their independence in exchange for mutual support; most of the Republicans didn‘t like the Anarchists, so it was a relief to some that the Anarchists had a place to go to instead of staying within the rest of Spain. After the civil war Catalonia became the worlds first Anarchist state, with and newspaper editorials around the globe predicted that the experiment would fail within months. It persevered, mostly due to good relations with its socialist neighbor Spain, but as time wore on the Anarchists and Libertarians found they had to make a number of concessions to establishing a state government.

In France the Parti Populaire Français (PPF) swept the elections in France, its alliance with other fascist and far-right parties and organizations like Solidarité Française, Mouvement Franciste, and even Action Française (a counterrevolutionary monarchist group) allowing it to win a massive majority. The previous three years had seen bloody street fighting between communist and socialist groups and the French right. The paramilitary groups had fought long battles, with thousands dead, but the fascists helped prevail with Italian and later British support. The support for the jingoistic PPF was great amongst the French people, who were especially angry at Germany in the post-war period, blaming it for Frances massive economic troubles, loss of prestige, and the other “embarrassing” stipulations of the Treaty of Straßburg after the Great War.

France began to quickly rearm itself in violation of the treaty, while England followed suite but at a slower pace, not having suffered as harsh a set of conditions as those having been forced upon France: for instance, the British had been allowed to retain their capital ships in the Royal Navy, but had been forbidden to build any new capital ships. German was alarmed by this development, but it had been forced to turn its attention elsewhere by further developments on the continent.



The UK and France, along with Italy also began to intervene in other nations political processes, their main source of aid going to Belgian fascists. But Belgium was able to secure the support of its neighbors the Netherlands and Germany, who both feared the expansion of fascism into the low countries.

Like Spain, Greece was also wracked by a Civil War when the Greek Communist Party (the KKE) launched a revolution, supported by the Soviet Socialist Republic of the Ukraine (SSRU) and many of the communists who had felt betrayed by Republican Spain’s decision to not embrace communism. This time the government of Greece was able to obtain the help of many of its neighbors, but the two most important ones, the Ottoman Empire and the United States of Greater Austria (USGA) were both distracted by their own internal problems: for the Ottomans, it was massive Arab revolts in Palestine and Egypt, while the USGA was too isolationist to intervene.

In 1937, Estonian patriots declared their independence from Russia, supported by their Latvian neighbors. Russia, a shell of its former self, could do nothing to stop it. Russia had fought three separate civil wars and revolutions as communists and other groups had risen against the monarchy. The wars had been followed by famine and disease, and the depression that hit after the great war did nothing to improve the situation. Unable to even raise an army to put down this new threat, the Tsar was forced to grant them their autonomy. To the north, the Finns began to clamor about independence themselves.

With a communist victory in Greece and a socialist victory in Spain, many nations would feel a rush of reactionary sentiment: in Ireland, Eoin O'Duffy’s blueshirts (officially know as the Army Comrades Association, or ACA) were able to gain the support of other political groups, while Portugal and the Baltic states began to restrict political freedoms. In Latvia for instance, the Prime Minister Kārlis Ulmanis established an Authoritarian régime that was anti-communist, but also fought to improve the lot of the average Latvian and fight against outside influences (including the most radical of the right-wing groups). The two Baltic states signed a mutual defense pact, fearing that Russia might decide to bring them both back into its sphere at any time. Eventually both Latvia and Estonia were guaranteed by Scandinavia, who was also interested in seeing the Finish people liberated from the Tsar’s control.
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:iconpacman552:
Pacman552 Featured By Owner May 4, 2014  Professional General Artist
where you read that Catalonia secede from Spain in the Republic??
in part, is Truth but Niceto Alcala-Zamora denied it completely in October of 1934 there were 380 Dead
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:iconshiryutsubaki:
ShiryuTsubaki Featured By Owner Mar 16, 2014  Student Artist
Glad this will never going to happen.
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:iconstealer-l1f3:
Stealer-L1F3 Featured By Owner Feb 28, 2014  Student Writer
I think this version of history seems a bit better than what really happened...
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:iconmonicawlf:
MonicaWlf Featured By Owner Nov 14, 2011  Student Digital Artist
finely i found a map with no jack ups!!! thanks i needed this for homework
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:icondaemonofdecay:
DaemonofDecay Featured By Owner Dec 24, 2012
I'm glad, although I don't know if this is a good thing to use for homework... this is fiction, after all.
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:iconmonicawlf:
MonicaWlf Featured By Owner Dec 28, 2012  Student Digital Artist
Me it was just a book report and I needed an illustration so I looked de characters and I chose de best 1..... Yours tooooootally beat de rest so thanks
Reply
:iconreikonsan:
Reikonsan Featured By Owner Apr 17, 2011
This map is ridiculus.

First of all in 1937 there was no a country which is called soviet socialist republic of ukraine, lol
Secondly; what the hell is kingdoms of scandinavia? :D
thirdly, where is luxembourg?
in additional; ottoman empire has collapsed officially since 1923. the name must be turkey.
albania was not part of italy in 1937.
what is catalonia? in 1937?
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:icondaemonofdecay:
DaemonofDecay Featured By Owner May 4, 2011
... I have the feeling you might not have grasped the idea of this being an "Alternate History" map. As in this is not what really happened, this is what the world might have looked like if events in history had gone different ways. Thats why I have that massive block of text beneath the map; it details where this hypothetical scenario deviated from our own history.

[link]
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:iconvalkyrja-skuld:
Valkyrja-Skuld Featured By Owner Jan 5, 2011
Well done. I love alternate history scenarios...
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:icondaemonofdecay:
DaemonofDecay Featured By Owner Feb 13, 2011
Ah, thank you good sir. I love thinking them up and, to a lesser degree, writing them out and making maps for them. Always nice to hear someone else enjoyed them.
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:iconalderrancity34:
AlderranCity34 Featured By Owner Dec 28, 2010  Hobbyist General Artist
It's amazing how a simple change of lines and colors can make a huge difference in history.
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:icondaemonofdecay:
DaemonofDecay Featured By Owner Feb 13, 2011
Its fun to look back in history and just look at all the times were a fluke of luck or fate came into play to change the course of human destiny.
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:iconsmashbrosdude:
SmashBrosDude Featured By Owner May 1, 2010
Can't Greece ever get a shot?
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:icondaemonofdecay:
DaemonofDecay Featured By Owner May 10, 2010
Some day... some day...
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:iconsmashbrosdude:
SmashBrosDude Featured By Owner May 10, 2010
I sure hope so because if Greece would have been the dominating country way back when the world would be so much better
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:icondaemonofdecay:
DaemonofDecay Featured By Owner May 11, 2010
I don't know... I personally can't stand wine or olives...
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:iconsmashbrosdude:
SmashBrosDude Featured By Owner May 12, 2010
not so much the wine and olives but the religion everything is explained in Greek religion
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:icondaemonofdecay:
DaemonofDecay Featured By Owner Aug 8, 2010
Hmmm... I'm just not to keen on worshiping deities who might come down and seduce my daughters with livestock.
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:iconsmashbrosdude:
SmashBrosDude Featured By Owner Aug 8, 2010
what?
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:icondaemonofdecay:
DaemonofDecay Featured By Owner Aug 8, 2010
The goddess Aphrodite made PasiphaŽ, King Minos' wife, fall madly in love with a bull. Hence, the birth of the minotaur.
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(1 Reply)
:icontorunianin:
Torunianin Featured By Owner Jan 15, 2010   Digital Artist
-.- embarrasing. It couldn't be...And ofcourse somebody missed Poland again it is popular last times...
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:icondaemonofdecay:
DaemonofDecay Featured By Owner Jan 20, 2010
Poland was eaten up by Germany after WW1. Before WW1, Poland was part of the Russian Empire.

Which as a Pole, makes me a bit sad.
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:iconkapten-n:
Kapten-N Featured By Owner Oct 15, 2009
It's funny how people want to change YOUR alternative history to THEIR likings. :D
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:icondaemonofdecay:
DaemonofDecay Featured By Owner Dec 1, 2009
Hey, its always interesting for me to see how other people would interpret events.

Plus history can be a bit of a sore spot for lots of folk.
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:iconlinterman:
linterman Featured By Owner Sep 21, 2009
Ireland should be united.Fuck great britain
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:icondaemonofdecay:
DaemonofDecay Featured By Owner Dec 1, 2009
It might be hard for them when faced with a fascist UK. Mosley's blackshirts would have no qualms with butchering thousands to keep the peace.
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:iconstill-ates:
Still-AteS Featured By Owner Apr 1, 2009
Ottoman Empire was since 1299 to 1922 and in 1923 Republic of Turkey was founded.
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:icondaemonofdecay:
DaemonofDecay Featured By Owner Apr 1, 2009
Yes, but thats in our timeline. In this one the Ottoman Empire, while still loosing territory in the Balkan wars and such, didn't loose WW1 and thus wasn't destroyed and broken up by the allies.
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:iconstill-ates:
Still-AteS Featured By Owner Apr 2, 2009
Of course, but since 1923 the really name is Turkey. in 1945 Turkey join the allies in WWII.
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:icondaemonofdecay:
DaemonofDecay Featured By Owner Apr 2, 2009
But one must remember that without the Ottoman loss there was no movement towards a republican government. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk never became president, etc. etc.
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:iconstill-ates:
Still-AteS Featured By Owner Apr 3, 2009
Lan dingil. Atatürk was voted by inhabitant of Republic of Turkey, so he was the first president of Turkey.
Reply
:iconcelticpunk98:
celticpunk98 Featured By Owner Feb 4, 2009
I love your stuff man. But I'm wondering are you eventually going to have all of your work in one large volume? I love what you have created but im still trying to peace it all 2gether >.<
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:icondaemonofdecay:
DaemonofDecay Featured By Owner Feb 4, 2009
I really should combine all that text together so I can edit it, make sure I'm not contradicting myself anywhere, and make it easier to read.

But I have so many comitments these days that I wont be able to think about that until this summer.

Heck, I hope to get this Asian map done soon as well just so I can show whats happening elsewhere in the world (and give Japan a little lovin';).
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:icon1rr3l3v4nt:
1rr3l3v4nt Featured By Owner Dec 9, 2008
what different happened that the Finns didn't break at the time of the Bolshevik revolution?
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:icondaemonofdecay:
DaemonofDecay Featured By Owner Dec 10, 2008
The Finns were unable to win their independence when the White Russians, supported by Imperial Germany (who didn't want the Bolsheviks toppling a monarchy, especially one that was now almost a puppet of the Kaiser) were able to rally and crush the revolutionaries, and proceeded to target the different groups that had tried to reject the Tsar's rule.

But Russia was threatened on multiple fronts: in the south, the Ukranians broke free and formed a Communist state, and would support different groups fighting the Russians for years. This in turn would help lead to a series of mini-civil wars as different grousp rose and fought Imperial power. The Tsar was unwilling to comprimise, and in turn Russia never liberalized like most of Europe.

In an effort to keep the Finns from revolting, the armies of Imperial Russia were incredibly brutal in their suppression: many thousands were executed, imprisoned, or died of starvation. For the Tsar this paid off in that during the late 20s and early 30s there were no new revolts in Finland: they feared the Russian response too much.

But with Estonia winning their independence quite easily, the nationalistic movements in Finnland have against started to rise against Russian rule. This time they have the support of the Baltic states as well as the Kingdoms of Scandinavia, who were quite horrified at the treatment the Finns recieved: Pro-Finnish sentiments are strong both amongst the people of Scandinavia and the King himself.
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:iconkapten-n:
Kapten-N Featured By Owner Oct 15, 2009
I think that the Kingdoms of Scandinavia should seize the moment to take Finland from the Russians while they are having internal problems. :)
Well, at least I would. It would be great to have a unified Scandinavia and to kick some Russian ass. :D

I get the feeling that you've played Europa Universalis, Crusader Kings, Hearts of Iron and/or Victoria. They are all games by Paradox in which you can change the course of history. Given the era of this map (early Hearts of Iron (Second Worldwar)) I'm saying Victoria (1800 to the First Worldwar). Am I correct?
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:icondaemonofdecay:
DaemonofDecay Featured By Owner Dec 1, 2009
Oh I've played them all.

In fact, one of the reasons I was working on making all these maps and such was that I planned on doing a Hearts of Iron III mod.

But then I was betrayed by my incredible laziness.
Reply
:iconkapten-n:
Kapten-N Featured By Owner Dec 2, 2009
I know that feeling all too well. XD

I thought that might have been what sparked your interest for making maps of alternative histories. :D

I havn't played Victoria yet and I can't even find Crusader Kings. I heard that you can transfer savefiles between some of the games and there's a mod to allow transfer between those of the games that doesn't have that function. Sounds like a great way to create an empire. :D
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:icondaemonofdecay:
DaemonofDecay Featured By Owner Dec 2, 2009
It is fun to see the save games transfer, but it also kinda destroys the game when you have the Victorian era without any of the major powers of the time.

Cool in concept, a little weak in implementation.
Reply
:icon1rr3l3v4nt:
1rr3l3v4nt Featured By Owner Dec 11, 2008
I can buy that. One of the Finnish sayings I like is "We're not Swedish and we won't be Russian"
Reply
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